Residential Drafting and Design TechniquesCLOSED
Available as a one-year program
One-year Ontario College Certificate
- Start Date
Find your career
Architects, designers, consultants, developers and builders employ skilled workers in residential drafting and design.
- You may find opportunities as a house designer, draftsperson, assistant project manager, renderer/concept artist, CAD operator, building product representative or estimator.
- This program was designed in consultation with regional employers to produce graduates with in-demand skills.
- With further study in the Architectural Technician/Technology program, graduates can broaden their opportunities to work on larger commercial or public projects.
Our grads get great jobs
- Draftsperson, CORCAN Construction
- Project Coordinator, GRG Building Consultants Inc.
- Skilled Tradesperson, JPM Construction Inc.
Is it for you?
Students who are successful in this program:
- Like to sketch and design
- Enjoy working as part of a team
- Like to follow a project from its inception through to completion
Bring your design ideas to life in this hands-on program:
- Get a practical blend of classroom instruction and hands-on studio experience.
- Design a small building by creatively addressing the use of space, materials, code requirements and the environment.
- Showcase creativity and analytical skills to create a design, and then bring your concepts to life with a 3D models.
- In less than a year, you will develop marketable skills and knowledge in construction drawings, residential building codes, computer drafting (AutoCAD and SketchUp), construction materials and methods, and presenting your designs.
Outstanding faculty make the difference
- Learning is hands on in brightly lit studios with dedicated teachers.
- Professors have experience in architectural firms working on everything from schools to seniors’ residences, churches and commercial renovations.
- Learn from an accredited Architect and LEED® AP, specializing in integrating sustainable techniques in architectural design.
- A wide network of faculty contacts in the construction and design industries helps connect students with jobs.
Students in Residential Drafting and Design complete the first two semesters to earn their certificate. Upon graduation, they have the option to continue into the second year of Architectural Technician/Technology.
- First Year - Semester One
- ARCH1000 Architectural Drafting Studio 1
- Students develop plans, elevations and sectional views for a single-family residential dwelling. Emphasis is on the appropriate use of lineweight, dimensions and annotation, and students become familiar with basic drawing conventions and organization. Hand drawing and the use of conventional drafting instruments is supplemented with AutoCAD toward the end of the term. This course involves both studio time and self-directed learning.
- BLDG1001 Building Construction, Codes and Standards 1
- This course is an introduction to typical construction methods and standards for houses and small buildings in Ontario. Part 9 of the Ontario Building Code is a major focus with particular attention to site work, footings, foundations, floor systems and stairs. The roles and responsibilities of architectural and construction professionals are reviewed.
- BLDG1000 Building Methods & Materials
- Students learn the properties, characteristics and uses of common and leading-edge building materials as used in residential construction. Students will be able to research, analyze and select appropriate materials for various construction applications.
- CADD1000 CAD 1
- The development of basic drafting skills using AutoCAD software will be the focus of most of the course. The course includes a review of Word and Excel as used in industry. SketchUp (used to create 3D designs) will also be introduced.
- MATH1002 Computations
- This course is designed to help students understand the application of essential mathematical concepts in the field of building technology. Emphasis is on all basic arithmetic skills including algebra and trigonometry as they apply to the design and building industry.
- ARCH1001 Presentation 1
- Students explore a variety of architectural presentation strategies and learn how an effective design presentation can be an important marketing tool. Using a variety of presentation strategies, students develop their own presentation visuals for a simple residential design. Ideas are initially explored using hand sketching, and then further developed using digital applications.
- ARCH1002 Sustainable Design
- Students develop critical awareness of the role of building design in society and the impact of design on the natural and built environments. Issues in urban and suburban design are explored. Students learn how building design, construction systems and materials affect the environment, and learn about opportunities to make better buildings.
- GNED General Education Elective
- General Education Courses
- First Year - Semester Two
- ARCH1003 Architectural Drafting Studio 2
Students build on the learning outcomes acquired in ARCH1000 Architectural Drafting Studio 1. Students explore various aspects of residential design through a variety of short projects, including developing typical working drawings for a multi-unit residential building.
Prerequisite: ARCH 1000
- BLDG1007 Building Construction, Codes and Standards 2
This course deals with the design and construction of exterior walls, roofs, and the structure of residential wood-framed buildings. Section 9 of the Ontario Building Code is specifically referenced. There is an emphasis on insulation and building membranes. Alternative residential construction techniques are also introduced.
Prerequisite: BLDG 1001
- CADD1001 CAD 2
This course builds upon the skills learned in CADD1000. Students learn how to format sheet layouts in paper space; set up annotative dimensions, text and multi-leaders; create annotative blocks with attributes; set up views and customized user coordinate systems; integrate custom hatches; and batch-plot a final drawing set in PDF format. Students also create a digital rendering from their AutoCAD drawings using Adobe Photoshop.
Prerequisite: CADD 1000
- ARCH1004 Design 1
Students design a small building to specified program and code requirements. The project is developed and presented using a variety of architectural presentation techniques.
Prerequisite: ARCH 1001
- SUST1001 Environmental Systems
- This course explores current opportunities for creating sustainable buildings. Passive and active systems can provide heating, cooling, lighting and ventilation to buildings with a significantly lower impact on the environment. Students will design their own sustainable house using the principles and systems presented in the course. The LEED program is examined in detail.
- ARCH1005 Introduction to Architecture
- Students explore the foundations of our built environment. Key historical precedents are examined with a view to understanding the architecture that surrounds us today. The course further considers how concepts of sustainable design – such as adaptive reuse and building rehabilitation – have influenced recent building history.
- BLDG1002 Statics
Statics is used to understand the structure of buildings. Students learn to solve practical problems in statics, including how the equilibrium of forces and moments applies to beam and column design.
Prerequisite: MATH 1002
- GNED General Education Elective
- General Education Courses
- Second Year - Semester Three
- CADD2000 Architectural CAD 3
This course builds upon the skills learned in CADD1001. Students develop techniques needed to prepare scaled drawings, including appropriate use of symbols, text and dimensions. Students create a partial set of working drawings for a commercial building – this set is coordinated with lessons and assignments in BLDG 2000.
Prerequisite: CADD 1001
Co-requisite: BLDG 2000
- BLDG2000 Building Construction, Codes and Standards 3
Techniques for masonry construction are introduced, and include handling, weather, site and building design considerations. Detailing of wall connections, foundations and roof assemblies are also covered. This course discusses medium-scale commercial buildings, as described in Part 3 of the Ontario Building Code. This discussion will also integrate the fundamental understanding of the functionality and use of vapour/air/moisture barriers and membranes. The dynamics of the medium-scale structure are investigated, with particular attention to the rigours associated with the Canadian environment. The working drawings developed in CADD2000 are used for some of the lessons and assignments in this course.
Prerequisite: BLDG 1007
Co-requisite: CADD 2000
- SAFE1002 Health & Safety
- This course is designed to develop the students’ knowledge of the health hazards and safety risks that are present on a typical job site. The course will prepare students with strategies required for personal protection and general site safety. Upon completion of this course, the student will have earned certifications for key areas for employment on a typical construction project.
- BLDG2015 Mechanical and Electrical Systems
- A study of plumbing (water supply, sewage disposal, site drainage), mechanical (heating, ventilating, air conditioning) and electrical systems related to building design and construction.
- ARCH2000 Presentation 2
Students develop skills in graphic communication for architectural design through the preparation of drawings of case study buildings, as well as the student's own design projects. The course will begin with hand sketching techniques and will focus on digital drawing tools for professional presentations.
Prerequisite: ARCH 1004
- ARCH2004 Project Coordination and Research 1
- This course is an introduction to project management that focuses on project delivery methods, how different types of projects are managed, Gantt charts and using Microsoft Project to develop project schedules. The course also reviews the role of municipal zoning by-laws, and the process for variances and re-zoning.
- BLDG2018 Strength of Materials 1
This course provides students with an opportunity to solve and present formal solutions to problems related to elementary structural analyses. Topics include stress, strain, material properties, cross-sectional properties, shear and bending moment diagrams, beam selection and column design.
Prerequisite: BLDG 1002
- Second Year - Semester Four
- CADD2001 Architectural CAD 4
This course builds upon the AutoCAD skills learned in CADD2000. Revit is the focus of the second half of the term. Students create a partial set of working drawings for a commercial building – this set is coordinated with lessons and assignments in BLDG 2002.
Prerequisite: CADD 2000
Co-requisite: BLDG 2002
- BLDG2002 Building Construction, Codes and Standards 4
This course continues with the curriculum of BLDG2000 and focuses on the building construction and code standards for multi-level commercial and multi-unit residential buildings covered by Part 3 of the Ontario Building Code. Topics include structural steel framing, structural steel stud framing concrete framing, exterior envelope assemblies, adaptive re-use of existing buildings, non-standard foundation systems, and water control around the building foundation. Students work on extensive drawing assignments and model making that enhance the understanding of building envelope and structure.
Prerequisite: BLDG 2000
Co-requisite: CADD 2001
- PROF2039 Career Research
- Students learn techniques to help them in their career, and to find the best jobs in the design and construction industry. Specific tools and techniques are examined to improve employability through ongoing personal development.
- ARCH2002 Design 2
Students will develop problem-solving skills and enhance their skills at building design and presentation through studio exercises. Students will start by studying the office building type. Each student will then create their own design of a small office building for an existing urban context. Professional presentation drawings will be created by each student of their design.
Prerequisite: ARCH 2000
- SURV2004 Introduction to Surveying
This course provides an overview of surveying fundamentals and knowledge. It combines field and classroom exercises and introduces students to the acquisition and application of data from topographic surveys.
Prerequisite: MATH 1002
- ARCH2003 Project Coordination and Research 2
This course involves developing the design of a small commercial building to create a preliminary set of working drawings. The site and building design will be developed in class to meet applicable zoning by-laws and requirements of Part 3 of the Ontario Building Code. The project development will include the coordination of structure, mechanical systems, electrical systems, elevator, exiting, exterior and interior assemblies. Students will prepare presentation drawings of the completed design.
Prerequisite: BLDG 2000, CADD 2000
- BLDG2003 Structures and Drafting 1
Students learn about structural systems and their components, along with the principles of structural stability and load transfer. Students develop skills in structural drawing for wood, steel and reinforced concrete structures.
Prerequisite: BLDG 2018
- GNED General Education Elective
- General Education Courses
- Third Year - Semester Five
- HIST3000 Canadian Architecture
- Students examine the development of Canadian architecture and design in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Emphasis is placed on the last fifty years of Canadian architecture, along with the unique cultural, social and geographic influences that have shaped Canada's built environment. Key Canadian modern architects, regional influences and new emerging issues are examined. Course assessments include student-researched presentations.
- BLDG3013 Construction Management
- This course deals with the management of building construction projects. Subjects include planning and scheduling, sub-trade organization, inspection activities and site diaries and records, and the duties and responsibilities of the building construction manager.
- BLDG3000 Structures and Drafting 2
In this course students study structural problems relating to the current core project assignment and prepares framing diagrams and structural details. Software for calculation and analysis are introduced.
Prerequisite: BLDG 2003, BLDG 2002
Co-requisite: ARCH 3000, BLDG 3013
- ARCH3000 Studio Project 1
This is the core studio project for third year. Students will each design their own large institutional project for a specific site. The course will include a study of the building type, site design, schematic building design, design development and presentation. The design will need to comply with all applicable municipal, OBC and LEED criteria. Revit will be used to develop the design and presentation drawings. This design will be the basis of the construction drawings developed in ARCH3001.
Prerequisite: BLDG 2002, BLDG 2003
Co-requisite: BLDG 3013
- Third Year - Semester Six
- BLDG2013 Contracts, Specifications and Estimating
- Students study the various forms of contracts used in the construction industry. The style, purpose and method of writing specifications are studied. Using the contract, specifications and drawings, students prepare estimates of quantities of materials and construction costs for residential and industrial buildings.
- ENTR2003 Entrepreneurship
- The appeal of owning a business and “being my own boss” has some serious appeal. However, opening a business is tough work, competition is stiff and effective planning is essential. In this course, students will build a plan for a food service business that will culminate in “Dragon’s-Den” style pitches. *Note: students have the option to present privately to the instructor or publicly in front of the class
- BLDG3014 Structures and Drafting 3
This course is a continuation of BLDG3000 Structures and Drafting 2. Students develop structural systems, layouts and details for their core project.
Prerequisite: BLDG 3000
Co-requisite: ARCH 3002
- ARCH3002 Studio Project 2
This course builds on the core project designed by each student in ARCH3000 Studio Project 1. Each student develops a set of detailed construction documents of their project using advanced Revit techniques. The interior design of their project is explored and developed with presentation-quality visuals, renderings and concept boards using Revit and other digital applications. LEED compliance is researched and documented. Cost estimating techniques are also explored.
Prerequisite: ARCH 3000
Co-requisite: BLDG 3014
*Courses subject to change.
Students are eligible to challenge the Autodesk certification exams at Loyalist College. Completing these industry-recognized credentials enables students to highlight that they have the in-demand skills employers are seeking.
How much will it cost?
Approximate costs (2019 – 20)
- Domestic Tuition: $2,722.08
- Full-Time Ancillary Fees:* $1,301
- Total: $4,023.08
- Additional Program Costs: $436 (year one)
Additional costs, such as supplies, travel and parking, may be incurred during workplace visits, etc.
*Please visit the Tuition and Fees web page for a list of the many services, activities and items included within the ancillary fees, and the related policies.
Bursaries and financial assistance
Loyalist has a number of scholarships, bursaries and academic awards available to students. Our Financial Aid Office can help you explore your options, or assist you with a student loan.
Required academic preparation
- OSSD/OSSGD or equivalent with courses at the general, advanced, (C), (U) or (M) level, AND
- Grade 12 English (C) level or equivalent
Prior learning assessment and recognition
Applicants with work experiences or other types of non-credentialed learning may be eligible for credits at Loyalist. Graded credits (as opposed to exemptions) are granted. Click here for more information about our assessment and credit challenge process.
Click here for information about how to apply, international student fees and more.
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